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    跑與舉(負)重

      跑與舉(負)重活動形式的產生,源于原始人類的生活實踐,是人類必須具備的基本技能。由于軍事和戰爭的需要,在歷史的發展中,跑與舉(負)重這兩項運動技能不斷得到提高。各個時期出現了不同形式的長距離跑和不同特點的舉(負)重,進一步豐富了中國體育的內容。

    Race and physical training

    At the very beginning of human history, running and weightlifting were basic skills required of all those engaged in productive labour or military training. And they must improve these physical abilities constantly, if they wanted to work better and, in times of war, to win a battle, in which one must be able to run fast over long distances - often with something heavy in hand or on back. Thus running and weightlifting became all-important physical exercises and sporting events- at all times for people of all walks of life.

    漆奩彩繪出行圖局部湖北荊門包山出土

    戰國(公元前475——前221)

    “伍伯”是漢代車騎出行隊列中位隊列之首、作為引導的具有長途奔跑能力的武士。這幅彩繪出行圖,突出的描繪了“伍伯”在急馳的馬車前奔跑的形象。

    Painting on a lacquer box for cosmetics, dating back to the Warring States Period (475-221 BC) and unearthed in Jingmen, Hubei Province. The carriage is led by officers well trained in running.

    練力圖畫像1957年江蘇省銅山縣洪樓出土

    東漢(25——220)

    該畫像共7人,自左至右分別為武士手持兵器搏虎、拔樹、背獸、舉鼎等形象,是一件典型的描繪武士習練勇力的作品。

    Warriors in physical training: An Eastern Han stone carving excavated in 1957 in Tongshan County, Jiangsu Province. The exercises include fighting with a tiger, carrying an animal on one's back, pulling out a tree and lifting a tripod.

    伍伯奔跑畫像磚拓本

    1985年四川省彭縣三界鄉出土

    東漢(25——220)

    畫面描繪的是4個持械伍伯在出行隊列前奔跑的情景。

    A carved brick in the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220) showing four solders dashing forward with weapons in hand. Excavated in 1985 in Pengxian County, Sichuan Province.

    樂舞百戲圖壁畫1972年內蒙古和林格爾出土

    東漢(25——220)

    這是一幅內容包括舞車輪在內的表現多種百戲活動形式的壁畫,是武士練力形式的形象反映。

    A Han mural depicting a variety show as a means for the soldiers to strengthen their muscles. Unearthed in 1972 in Horinger, Inner Mongolia.

    搬石競賽圖壁畫

    西藏拉薩市布達拉宮壁畫局部

    清(1644——1911)

    壁畫反映了一群力士正在進行搬石競賽的情景。這種競賽形式是藏族特有的傳統體育內容。

    Par of a mural in the Potala in Lhasa Tibet Autonomous Region, painted in the Qing Dynasty (1611-1911), showing a stone carring contest a traditional sport among the Tibetans.

    亚洲 另类 小说 卡通动漫
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